Anxiety is a common occurrence when a person faces potentially problematic or dangerous situations. It is also felt when a person perceives an external threat. However, chronic and irrational anxiety can lead to a form of anxiety disorder. There are different types of anxiety disorder, depending on its causes or triggers.
Typical forms of anxiety disorders
Generalized anxiety disorder
A person who has this type of anxiety disorder usually experiences prolonged anxiety that is generally unfounded. More precisely, people with pervasive anxiety disorders are unable to articulate the reason behind their anxiety. This type of fear usually lasts six months and commonly affects women. Due to the persistence of anxiety, people affected by generalized anxiety disorder always worry and worry. This results in heart palpitations, insomnia, headaches, and dizziness.
Unlike someone with generalized anxiety disorder, a person who has a particular phobia experiences an extreme and often irrational fear of a particular situation or object. When exposed to the object or situation they fear, people with specific phobias exhibit signs of intense fear, such as tremors, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and nausea. Common specific phobias include fear of heights, confined spaces, blood, and animals. The fear that a person with a phobia feels can be so extreme that they can disregard security to escape the situation.
Also known as agoraphobia, panic disorders are characterized by recurring panic attacks, which are usually unexpected. Symptoms usually tremble, chest pains, dizziness, fear of losing control, and reluctance to be alone. People with panic disorder are aware that panic is often unfounded and illogical. That is why they avoid public situations and are left alone. A panic attack can be so severe that people can lose control and get hurt.
Alternatively, called social anxiety, a person with social phobia may exhibit symptoms similar to those of panic disorder, especially in social situations. Tremors, dizziness, shortness of breath, and heart palpitations can occur when a person with social phobia is in the spotlight or the company of many people, regardless of whether they are strangers or not.
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder experience anxiety caused by an obsession or idea. They tend to avoid apprehension by resorting to repetitive actions or behaviors that prevent stress. For example, a person obsessed with cleanliness may experience anxiety when seeing only a vase placed slightly off-center. To avoid tension, he or she will clean and organize everything compulsively or without reason.
Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur after a person has experienced a severely traumatic event. He or she can relive the experience in your mind that causes stress and anxiety. If a person with PTSD comes into contact with stimuli (any object, person, or situation) that he or she associates with the traumatic event, they can re-experience the event by crying uncontrollably, panicking, or losing control. The most subtle symptoms include insomnia and elusive behavior. PTSD can manifest itself immediately after the traumatic event or even years later.
Determining the type of anxiety disorder a person has is crucial to seeking treatment and recovery. Techniques and methods used to help a person deal with certain anxiety usually aim not only at managing symptoms but also at coping mechanisms when exposed to triggers. Only after a complete diagnosis does treatment and recovery from anxiety disorders really begin.